Through a discussion on the legal context of housing the Consultation structural issues of informal settlements and slums were raised, and whether repeated Housing Schemes are the best way of achievin...

Representatives from more than 17 cities across 15 states participated in a National Consultation organized by Youth for Unity and Voluntary Action (YUVA) on ‘Civil Society Review of Housing for All’ on 24 January 2018 at Delhi. Participants reviewed the status of the Housing for all Mission across their respective cities. The Consultation also reviewed various aspects including the achievements, roadblocks, people’s participation, demands and state level implementation of the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) Urban. A memorandum with recommendations has been prepared which will be submitted to the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.

During the Consultation some important issues were discussed with the help of experiences of different city contexts across the countries. Clear differences were seen across cities and states.

Suggestions that emerged to improve the impact of PMAY-Urban included:

  1. the need to increase access to beneficiary led construction and housing upgradation;
  2. preference for in–situ development by communities;
  3. widening the eligibility criteria to prevent exclusionary allocations; and
  4. ensuring context specific resettlement polices to address massive evictions across the country
  5. There is not a lack of a housing stock and a need to construct more, but a need to provide right to land to existing settlements for better upgradation

Through a discussion on the legal context of housing the Consultation structural issues of informal settlements and slums were raised, and whether repeated Housing Schemes are the best way of achieving the housing for all mission. The deliberations arrived at a collective way forward for civil society to engage with the government on achieving the mission of Housing for All, in letter and in spirit, to ensure that ‘no one is left behind’.

At the event, a Parliamentary Watch Report was also launched which presents an analysis of the questions addressed to the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) across three sessions in the year 2017. The Report closely looks at the kind of questions asked, along with important issues raised and status of implementation of different Urban schemes like Smart Cities Mission, Swachh Bharat Mission among others.

Major Findings of the Parliamentary Watch Report:

  • According to the Technical Group on Urban Housing Shortage, 2012-17 (TG-12) constituted by the erstwhile the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, there is a shortage of 18.78 million housing units in India.
  • Under Smart City Mission, so far, Government of India (GoI) grants of INR 9,863.20 crores has been released to 60 Smart Cities through respective State Governments, which is 5% of the total amount proposed. Out of this, only INR 644.77 crores has been utilized, which is a utilization rate of less than 7%.
  • It has been found in Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana that here still exists a huge gap between the annual target number of houses sanctioned till now and the houses completed even when RAY and JNNURM houses are put together.
  • In the case of Swacch Bharat Mission, according to the data provided by the Ministry, a little over 37 lakh toilets have been constructed since 2014-17 against the total target of 1.04 crore toilets (later revised to 66 lakh) that need to be built by the completion of the scheme in 2019.
  • While in Atal mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformations, data provided, of the total central assistance of INR 35989.7 crore committed to the Mission, only 19% was released to the respective state governments. As per data released, there is no instance where central assistance released exceeds 20% of that committed; a startling statistic when it is factored in that this is the last year of the scheme.
  • In the National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana , 31% of the total 65 approved projects have been completed so far. Out of the 12 cities selected, only 6 cities have barely been able to complete 10% of the projects. Only 3 cities, Amritsar, Varanasi and Amravati have been able to complete a little over 50% of the projects.
  • Whereas in National Urban Livelihood Mission, A total of 400106.9 lakhs was allocated for the scheme of which only 42.9% was utilised from 2014-17. More than 50% of the allocated budget remains unspent.
  • The PMAY(U) was the scheme that saw the highest number of questions (15%). The Shelter for Urban Homeless (SUH) under the DAY-NULM was also extensively questioned. Overall among the 6 schemes, PMAY received the highest central assistance. However in terms of implementation, PMAY has the lowest level of implementation.
  • Only a small percentage of central grant was released compared to the central grant allocated to each scheme. SBM received the highest percentage (33%) and AMRUT received the lowest (19.2%) percentage of the grant allotted to these schemes.

(Press Release)

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