EWS Reservation :  Diminishing the Chances For The Lowest Strata Of  SC/ST/OBC .

EWS Reservation :  Diminishing the Chances For The Lowest Strata Of  SC/ST/OBC . How the ARC’s get extra benefit of own merit out of their category ?...

अतिथि लेखक

EWS Reservation :  Diminishing the Chances For The Lowest Strata Of  SC/ST/OBC .

JAG MOHAN THAKEN FROM CHANDIGARH

While addressing the BJP’s booth level workers from the Lok Sabha constituencies of Kolhapur , Hatkanagle , Madha and Satara in Maharashtra and South Goa through video-conference on Saturday (January 19,2019) , the Prime Minister claimed that his government’s decision to provide 10% reservation to economically weaker sections (EWS) in the general category was giving “sleepless nights” to the opposition and said that the government would ensure that no one faced injustice and that the quota for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes remain intact.(THE HINDU –JANUARY21,2019).

But despite assurance given by the Prime Minister, the question still remains unanswered ,  whether the SC/ST/OBC (Already Reserved Categories-ARC) will be getting the same seat share as before ?

The answer is a clear cut NO. How can the ARC’s get the same share , when  their entry has  been curtailed to 40% on unreserved seats instead of previous 50% under open category in addition to their own limited reserved sphere by setting aside the 10% seats for newly created EWS category? Presently the central  jobs are 49.5% reserved   , segmenting 15% for SC, 7.5% for ST , 27%for OBC and the remaining 50% (in round figure) kept for open candidates of all castes and religions ,including the ARC’s. Before the implementation of the newly  created EWS category, these ARC’s are also getting  the chances of selection on  50% open seats  in addition to their reserved seats, but now after giving 10% seats to EWS , their sphere of competition has been downsized to 40% seats .

It can be understood by an example. Suppose there are 1200 seats for IAS   examination. Previously the ARC’s were  getting  the chance to compete for 600 (50%) open seats also in addition to their reserved share  , but now they will be debarred to compete for  120 seats (10 % reserved for EWS  ) leaving behind only 480 seats(40%) under open merit category , because as per prevailing rules and court decisions a candidate of ARC , who gets higher merit catches  open merit seat despite his reserved category and his claim on reserved seat vacates automatically giving chance to another low merit ARC candidate. This gives double benefit to ARC candidates. But now the seats under open merit will go down by 10% ,  hence a curtailment of chances to get 10% extra seats for ARC’s due to this EWS reservation .   

And the worst affected category by this snatching of the 10 % portion will be the lowest strata of  SC/ST/OBC candidates , who belong to the  underprivileged families and are the really entitled for the reservation ladder .Due to their social, economical and educational backwardness , some of the ARC candidates could neither get city-based good education , coaching facility and nor afford costly study material for upper level competitive examinations in comparison to their well to do category fraternity .Now after cutting down the 10% seats under open merit category for EWS , the well to do category candidates of these ARC’s ,who previously got the place in  open merit seats due to their higher merit in this 10 % slab ,  will now turn down towards their reserved category seats and will shunt out the lower strata ARC’s having the lower merit . So, the lowest strata ARC’s will be the worst  losers .

How the ARC’s get extra benefit of own merit out of their category ?

In Indra Sawhney v. Union of India (1992) popularly known as the Mandal case, the Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court had held:

“[It] is well to remember that the reservations under Article 16(4) do not operate like a communal reservation. It may well happen that some members belonging to, say, Scheduled Castes get selected in the open competition field on the basis of their own merit; they will not be counted against the quota reserved for Scheduled Castes; they will be treated as open competition candidates.”

Government of India ,Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions Department of Personnel and Training  Establishment (Reservation-I) Section through its letter F.No.43011/4/2018-Estt.(Res.) Dated April 4, 2018 had also  supported the gist of Indra  Sawhney . The Hon’ble Supreme Court in its judgment in the case of R.K.Sabharwal vs. State of Punjab, had, inter-alia, observed that “the reserve category candidates can compete for the non-reserve posts and in the event of their appointment to the said posts their number cannot be added and taken into consideration for working out the percentage of reservation.” (letter attached).

Now in the end , the question again arises that how the central  as well state governments  will compensate the ARC’s loss of job chances after snatching a 10 % slab of their scope of getting jobs under open merit scheme ?  How the Prime Minister will ensure that no one faced injustice and that the quota for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes remain intact ? The government should immediately make open its plan to satisfy the resentment of ARC’s . Here it is also very astonishing that no other party also raised this issue while supporting the government bill in parliament as well as outside the house.  Were they so terrified to lose the upper caste votes that they forgot all the consequences of the bill ?

क्या यह ख़बर/ लेख आपको पसंद आया ? कृपया कमेंट बॉक्स में कमेंट भी करें और शेयर भी करें ताकि ज्यादा लोगों तक बात पहुंचे

कृपया हमारा यूट्यूब चैनल सब्सक्राइब करें

                                         

EWS Reservation    SC    ST    OBC   
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