Why Have Savarkar's Potrait in Parliament ? Was He Either 'Veer' (.Brave ) or a Freedom Fighter?

Savarkar's potrait in the Parliament is a slap in the face to all the freedom fighters. revolutionaries, Gandhian, Subhash Chandra Bose and his Azad Hind Fauz....

Prabhakar Sinha
हाइलाइट्स

His mercy petitions are a disgrace and an insult to all the revolutionaries who embraced death with a defiant smile rather than begging the British rulers for life. His potrait in the Parliament is a slap in the face to all the freedom fighters. revolutionaries, Gandhian, Subhash Chandra Bose and his Azad Hind Fauz.

Prabhakar Sinha

It was in 2003 that Vajpayee  hung the potrait of Savarkar in the Parliament and declared  a traitor, a coward and a turncoat like him to be Veer (Savarkar) and a freedom fighter. Modi made a similar declaration on the occasion of one of his birth anniversaries.Since,  like Savarkar, the RSS was also a bootlicker of the British and had opposed the movement for independence, in honoring him it feels it is  justifying its dishonorable conduct and is putting under wraps  its own treachery with the motherland (Bharat Mata ).

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar began as a revolutionary but completely surrendered to the British government as soon as he was convicted of his involvement in the  conspiracy of killing the District and  Sir William Hut Curzon Wylie at a public meeting  and sentenced to two life  terms. He was not charged with killing him, which was done by Madanlal Dhingara. He was transported to Andman and-Nocobar as was the usual practice during those days.The  revolutionaries and the others who were awarded life term were sent there and lodged in the Cellular jail..

The life they had to live was indisputably inhuman, but the true  revolutionaries braved it all and did not surrender to the British rulers.Those who were transported to the Andman and Nicobar did not expect to return, and most died there.Between 1902 and 1921, there were 149 freedom fighters there. Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was only one of the 149. No sooner had he reached there in 1911, than the submission of his serial mercy petitions began.His first was on 30.8.1911, the second on 4.4.1913, the third in 1917 and the fourth on 30.3.1920. One could have sympathised  with him if he had just prayed for clemency because he was unable to bear the hard life in the cellular jail at the Andman- Nicobar island, but he cannot be forgiven for repudiating the revolutionary movement itself and pledging to sincerely collaborate with the British government, keep away from politics and accepting a monthly Rs 60.00 as aid from the British government.

On his release, he played a crucial role in the British government's policy and sinister design of dividing the Hindus and the Muslim to perpetuate their rule.He also supported the British by vociferously opposing the Quit India movement of 1942 and helping the government in recruiting soldiers to fight Subhash Chandra Bose. Later, he was arrested for his alleged involvement in Gandhi's murder as Godse had met him a couple of days before he killed Gandhi ji. allegedly to seek his blessings. He was not convicted because the blessing part could not be conclusively proved. But he was not given a clean chit  and was merely  given  the benefit of doubt.

His mercy petitions were a disgrace for a revolutionary or any freedom fighter in their language, tone and content.In one of his mercy petitions, he calls himself 'PRODIGAL SON LONGING TO RETURN TO HIS PARENTAL DOORS OF THE GOVERNMENT (emphasis added throughout).To seek clemency he, declares himself to be, a son of the British  empire and the British  empire his parent and the government his parent' s home.To buttress his claim for clemency, he tries to tempt the government with a false claim that all the revolutionaries would become loyal to the empire like him if he were released. Desperate to seek clemency, he repudiates his faith in the revolutionary movement including in  'the peaceful anarchism of Tolstoy.

He writes :

"Moreover my conversion to the constitutional line would bring back all those misled young men in India and abroad who were looking up to me as their guide. I AM READY TO SERVE THE GOVERNMENT IN ANY CAPACITY THEY LIKE, FOR MY CONVERSION IS CONSCIENTIOUS SO MY FUTURE CONDUCT WOULD BE BY KEEPING ME IN JAIL, NOTHIG WOULD BE GOT IN COMPARISON TO WHAT WOULD BE OTHERWISE "( emphasis is added all through ).

Desperate to receive the mercy of the British Government, he wrote in his fourth mercy petition :

"So far from believing in the militant school of Bukanin type, I do not contribute even to the  peaceful and philosophical anarchism of a Kuroptakin or Tolstoy."

The following is the ultimate in cowardice :

"On all these grounds, I believe that the government, hearing my READINESS TO ENTER INTO ANY SENSIBLE PLEDGE AND THE FACT REFORM PRESENT AND PROMISED,joined to common danger from the north of the Turko-Afgan fanatics have made me SINCERE ADVOCATE OF LOYAL COOPERATION IN THE INTEREST OF BOTH OUR NATIONS, WOULD RELEASE ME AND WIN MY PERSONAL GRATITUDE.THE BRILLIANT PROSPECT OF MY EARLY LIFE ALL BUT TOO SOON BLIGHTED HAVE CONSTITUTED SO PAINFUL A SOURCE OF REGRET TO ME THAT A RELEASE WOULD BE A NEW BIRTH AND WOULD TOUCH MY HEART, SENSITIVE AND SUBMISSIVE TO KINDNESS SO DEEPLY AS TO RENDER ME PERSONALLY ATTACHED AND POLITICALLY USEFUL IN FUTURE, FOR OFTEN MAGNAMITY WIN EVEN WHERE MIGHT FAILS."

Despite his abject surrender, the government did not relent.In 1920, the Indian National Congress and leaders such as Mahtma Gandhi.Vithalbhai Patel and Bal Gangadhar Tilak also demanded his unconditional release.To seek his release Savarkar signed a statement endorsing his trial, verdict and British law, and renouncing violence, a bargain to freedom.He  accepted all the condition of the government to earn his release.

His mercy petitions are a disgrace and an insult to all the revolutionaries who embraced death with a defiant smile rather than begging the British rulers for life. His potrait in the Parliament is a slap in the face to all the freedom fighters. revolutionaries, Gandhian, Subhash Chandra Bose and his Azad Hind Fauz.

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